Making xylitol and cellulose nanofibers from paper paste – towards a green and sustainable society

The ecological bio-production of xylitol and cellulose nanofibers using modified yeast cells, from material produced by the paper industry has been achieved by a Japanese research team. This discovery... Read more »

Model learns how individual amino acids determine protein function

A machine-learning model from MIT researchers computationally breaks down how segments of amino acid chains determine a protein’s function, which could help researchers design and test new proteins for... Read more »

Drug diversity in bacteria

Bacteria produce a cocktail of various bioactive natural products in order to survive in hostile environments with competing (micro)organisms. In the current issue of Nature Chemical Biology, researchers at Goethe... Read more »

New tool allows scientists to catch elusive protein in action

Like many of the processes that drive a cell’s basic functions, those enabling the splitting of a newly-replicated cell into two, shown above, happen quickly. So quickly, in fact,... Read more »

Scientist constructs artificial photosynthetic cells

A team led by associate professor Yutetsu Kuruma of the Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI) at Tokyo Institute of Technology has constructed simple artificial cells that can produce chemical energy... Read more »

Why photosynthesis works better for some plants than others

RuBisCO plays a key role in photosynthesis and is one of the most abundant enzymes in the world. A Japanese research team has revealed how charge distribution on RuBisCO’s... Read more »

Discovery of life-extension pathway in worms demonstrates new way to study aging

An enzyme-blocking molecule can extend the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans roundworms by as much as 45 percent, largely by modulating a cannabinoid biological pathway, according to a study from... Read more »

Research identifies potential target for strep A vaccine

Most people think of “strep throat” as a relatively benign infection cured by a round of antibiotics and a few days of rest. But the bacterium that causes strep... Read more »